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   2010
 
Transaction on Civil Engineering

Volume 17, Issue 1
Transaction on Civil Engineering
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Transaction on Civil Engineering
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Transaction on Civil Engineering
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Transaction on Civil Engineering
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Transaction on Civil Engineering
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Transaction on Civil Engineering
 
Transaction on Mechanical Engineering

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Transaction on Mechanical Engineering
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Transaction on Mechanical Engineering
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Transaction on Mechanical Engineering
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Transaction on Mechanical Engineering
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Transaction on Mechanical Engineering
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Transaction on Mechanical Engineering
 
Transactions on Chemistry and Chemical Engineering

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Transactions on Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
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Transactions on Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
 
Transaction on Computer Science & Engineering and Electrical Engineering

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Transaction on Computer Science & Engineering and Electrical Engineering
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Transaction on Computer Science & Engineering and Electrical Engineering
Transaction on Industrial Engineering

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Transaction on Industrial Engineering
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Transaction on Industrial Engineering
Transaction on Nanotechnology

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Transaction on Nanotechnology
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Transaction on Nanotechnology
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Volume 17, Issue 1, 2010
Transaction on Industrial Engineering


An Analytic Variable Limit np Control Chart
 
        M. Aminnayeri (PhD.)
  • M.H. Abooie [MSc.]

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The Shewhart np control chart is often used to monitor the quantity of nonconforming, but it is slow in detecting small deviations. This paper proposes an efficient approach to monitor the quantity of nonconforming. The novelty of the paper is utilization of an initial belief to construct an analytic variable limit np control chart. The proposed method uses all gathered data, sequentially. This approach is signi cantly faster than some existent e ective approaches in detecting small deviations. These charts are mainly used for evaluation of the initial setup in the process. The simulated results for the average run length profiles demonstrate the superiority of the new approach against the standard np chart, binomial CUSUM, binomial EWMA and moving average approach.

Keywords:
np chart

    Variable limit
      Quantity of nonconforming
        Average run length.


Hybrid Electromagnetism-Like Algorithm for Supplier Selection in Make-to-Order Planning
 
        S. M. T. Fatemi Ghomi (Professor)
  • M. Mirabi [PhD.]
  • F. Jolai [PhD.]

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An electromagnetism algorithm is a meta-heuristic proposed to derive approximate solutions for computationally hard problems. In the literature, several successful applications have been reported for graph-based optimization problems, such as scheduling problems. This paper presents an application of the electromagnetism algorithm to supplier selection in a production planning process where there are multiple products and multiple customers and also capacity constraints. We consider a situation where the demand quantity of multiple discrete products is known over a planning horizon. The required raw material for each of these products can be purchased from a set of approved suppliers. Also, a demand-dependent delivery time (due date) and maximum delivery time (deadline) apply for each demand. Problems containing all these assumptions have not been addressed previously in the literature. A decision needs to be made regarding what raw material to order and in what quantities, which suppliers and, nally, at which periods. Numerical results indicate that the electromagnetism algorithm exhibits impressive performances with small error ratios. The results support the success of the electromagnetism algorithm application to the supplier selection problem of interest.

Keywords:
Electromagnetism

    Supplier selection
      Total cost of ownership.


Phase II Monitoring of Autocorrelated Polynomial Pro les in AR(1) Processes
 
        R.B. Kazemzadeh (PhD.)
  • R. Noorossana [Professor]
  • A. Amiri [PhD.]

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In many practical situations, the quality of a process or product can be characterized by a function or pro le. Here, we consider a polynomial pro le and investigate the e ect of the violation of a common independence assumption, implicitly considered in most control charting applications, on the performance of the existing monitoring techniques. We speci cally consider a case when there is autocorrelation between pro les over time. An autoregressive model of order one is used to model the autocorrelation structure between error terms in successive pro les. In addition, two remedial methods, based on time series approaches, are presented for monitoring autocorrelated polynomial pro les in phase II. Their performances are compared using a numerical simulation runs in terms of an Average Run Length (ARL) criterion. The e ects of assignable cause and autocorrelation coecient on the shape of pro les are also investigated.

Keywords:
Statistical process control

    Polynomial pro les
      Autocorrelation
        Average run length; Assignable cause
          Phase II.


Economic Production Quantity Model with Scrapped Items and Limited Production Capacity
 
        S.T. Akhavan Niaki (Professor)
  • A. Taleizadeh [MSc.]
  • A.A. Najafi [PhD.]

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In this paper, an Economic Production Quantity (EPQ) model is studied, in which the production defective-rate follows either a uniform or a normal probability distribution. Shortages are allowed and take a backorder state, and the existence of only one machine causes a limited production capacity for the common cycle length of all products. The aim of this research is to determine the optimal production quantity of each product, such that the expected total cost including holding, shortage, production, setup and defective items cost is minimized. The mathematical model of the problem is derived, for which the objective function is proved to be convex. Then, a derivative approach is utilized to obtain the optimal solution. At the end, two numerical examples are provided to illustrate the practical usage of the proposed method.

Keywords:
Economic production quantity

    Scrapped items
      Limited production capacity.


Resource-Constrained Project Scheduling Problem with Flexible Work Profiles: A Genetic Algorithm Approach
 
        M. Ranjbar (PhD.)
  • F. Kianfar [Professor]

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This paper deals with the resource-constrained project scheduling problem with exible work pro les. In this problem, a project contains activities interrelated by nish-start-type precedence constraints with a time lag of zero. In many real-life projects, however, it often occurs that only one renewable bottleneck resource is available and that activities do not have a xed prespeci ed duration and associated resource requirement, but a total work content, which essentially indicates how much work has to be performed on them. Based on this work content, all feasible work pro les have to be speci ed for the activities, each characterized by a xed duration and a resource requirement pro le. The task of the problem is to nd the optimum work pro le and start time of each activity in order to minimize the project makespan. We propose a procedure to nd all feasible work profiles of each activity and we use a genetic algorithm with a new crossover operator to schedule the activities. Computational results on a randomly generated problem set are presented.

Keywords:
Project scheduling

    Heuristic
      Genetic algorithm.


A Corporate Supply Optimizer with Flow Network
 
        M. Sepehri (PhD.)
  • K. Fayazbakhsh [MSc.]
  • F. Ghasemzadeh [MSc.]

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A holding or a multi-business corporate seeks to coordinate its supply for minimum overall costs. A Corporate Supply Optimizer (CSO), as a central entity taking advantage of the notion of ow networks, gathers necessary operational information from members of the corporate supply chain. The CSO then guides supply chain members on ordering decisions for a minimum overall cost for the entire supply chain. Its computational engine models the entire supply chain with multiple members in four stages to satisfy customer demand. The CSO seeks a solution with minimum total costs, unlike noncooperative supply chains where individual members compete to optimize their local costs. The existing literature stays with restrictive assumptions on the number of supply chain stages, disallowing a case of multiple products. Simulation results indicate an approximately 26% reduction in total costs of the supply chain utilizing the CSO.

Keywords:
Corporate supply

    Coordination mechanism
      Flow network
        Linear programming
          Optimizer.


A Heuristic Algorithm and a Lower Bound for the Two-Echelon Location-Routing Problem with Soft Time Window Constraints
 
        S.H. Zegordi (PhD.)
  • E. Nikbakhsh [MSc.]

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The location-routing problem is one of the most important location problems for designing integrated logistics systems. In the last three decades, various types of objective function and constraints have been considered for this problem. However, time window constraints have received little attention, despite their numerous real-life applications. In this article, a new 4-index mathematical model, an ecient and fast heuristic and a lower bound for the two-echelon location-routing problems with soft time window constraints are presented. The proposed heuristic tries to solve the problem via creating an initial solution, then improving it by searching on six neighborhoods of the solution, and using the Or-opt heuristic. At the end, computational results show the eciency of the proposed heuristic, using the proposed lower bound.

Keywords:
Location-routing

    Location
      Routing
        Soft time window
          Heuristic algorithm.